Cros, Charles

   poet and inventor
   Charles Cros, who independently invented sound recording, was born in Fabrezan, Aude. Self-taught, he became interested in oriental languages (Sanskrit and Hebrew), then in mechanical sciences and physics, and carried on his own scientific studies while pursuing a literary career. Cros discovered, independently of louis ducos du hauron, the trichromium process of color photography (1869), as well as an apparatus that he called a paleophone, which preceded Thomas Edison's invention of the phonograph (the Académie Charles Cros annually honors his memory with an award for that year's best recordings). Cros also frequented the bohemian literary world (with paul verlaine, villiers de l'isle-adam, and others), and composed a lyric work that for a long time remained unappreciated. Behind the mask of a whimsical writer, expert in humourous monologues (Le Hareng saur; Le Bilboquet; L'Obsession), he was also a poet of the absurd and of solitude, as in Le Coffret de santal (1873), much praised by Verlaine, and of a long poem, Le Fleuve (1874). Le Collier de griffes was published by his son in 1908.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Cros, Charles — SUBJECT AREA: Photography, film and optics [br] b. 1842 France d. 1888 [br] French doctor, painter and man of letters who pioneered research into colour photography. [br] A man of considerable intellect, Cros occupied himself with studies of… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Cros, Charles — ▪ French inventor and poet born Oct. 1, 1842, Fabrezan, Fr. died Aug. 10, 1888, Paris       French inventor and poet whose work in several fields foreshadowed or paralleled important developments.       In 1869 Cros published a theory of three… …   Universalium

  • Charles Cros — Born October 1, 1842 (1842 10) Died …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Cros — (* 1. Oktober 1842 in Fabrezan, Département Aude; † 9. August 1888 in Paris) war ein französischer Dichter und Erfinder. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Cros — Nombre completo Charles Cros Nacimiento 1 de octubre de 1842 Fabrezan …   Wikipedia Español

  • CROS (C.) — CROS CHARLES (1842 1888) Personnage hors du commun, autodidacte de génie qui fut également attiré par la littérature et par la science. Descendant d’une lignée de professeurs, né à Fabrezan (Aude), Charles Cros fait ses études sous la direction… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cros — (Charles) (1842 1888) poète et inventeur français. Il a défini en 1876, avant Edison, le principe du phonographe (paléophone). Poésie: le Coffret de santal (1873) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charles Cros — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cros. Charles Cros Activités Poète et inventeur Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles-Antoine Cros — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cros. Charles Antoine Cros est un écrivain français né à Clamart le 21 décembre 1998. Il publie sa première œuvre à 9 ans. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cros — ist die Bezeichnung mehrerer Gemeinden in Frankreich: Cros (Gard), Gemeinde im Département Gard Cros (Puy de Dôme), Gemeinde im Département Puy de Dôme mit Namenszusatz: Cros de Géorand (Ardèche), Gemeinde im Département Ardèche Cros de Montvert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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